What “integrated antenna” means
With the term “integrated antenna” we mean an highly customized and optimized
product that can be inserted into a proprietary electronic device (hosting device) or
covert into a specific location to suit a particular application.
The main features of an integrated antenna, that also distinguish its development
process from a more conventional design, are the following ones:
▪ The electrical parameters cannot be assessed without placing the antenna
into its operating condition, i.e. an integrated antenna cannot be conceived
as a stand-alone element since all the hosting device affects radiation;
▪ Unconventional, compact schemes of radiating elements are used in design,
since severe limitations and mechanical constraints occur in the hosting
▪ Some lossy elements are often present in the electronics or materials of the
hosting device, therefore the project must include measures to minimize
these effects on antenna efficiency.